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How to Charge An Electric Wheelchair

How to Charge An Electric Wheelchair

Whether you have a brand-new wheelchair, secondhand, or a rental electric wheelchair, properly charging its battery for better performance and maximum output is essential. You may have no idea how to charge an electric wheelchair.

It’s no big deal if you don’t know about the wheelchair battery charging process. Because here, we help you to understand how to charge a power wheelchair battery, what safety precautions you should follow, and some amazing tips for enhancing its performance. Let’s get into it.

How to Charge Power Wheelchair: Step-By-Step

Follow the step-by-step process to charge the batteries;

  • Bring an Electric wheelchair near the power outlet.
  • Take out the charging cord.
  • Before plugging in the charger, make sure to turn off the power switch of the wheelchair.
  • Plug one end of the cord into the controller’s charging port while the other is into the power outlet.
  • The display will show “Charging in Progress,” or red/orange light indicates the wheelchair is charging.
  • Keep it charging for 8 to 10 hours until the battery is fully charged.
  • Unplug the charger from the power outlet when the green light starts glowing, or the display shows “ Charging Complete.”
  • Also, unplug the cord from the wheelchair charging port.

This step-by-step guide helps you understand how to charge an electric wheelchair. Do the battery charge on a daily basis. If you keep the wheelchair in storage, it is recommended to charge its battery once a week.

Note: The guide can vary a little bit for different wheelchair models. It is better to read to instructions given in the chair manual provided by the manufacturer.

Safety Precautions

We will discuss a few very important safety precautions you should follow for charging a battery.


The first thing you should follow is to avoid overcharging the wheelchair battery. Leaving your wheelchair on a charge and going out can be dangerous for the wheelchair battery because after fully charging the battery, voltage keeps flowing into it. It ultimately affects battery cells and results in less driving range for the battery.

Staying Near the Wheelchair

It is better to stay near the wheelchair during charging. Keep checking if it is getting charged properly. Be at your home and unplug the charger as the battery is fully charged.

Charging Cord

The charging cord is the thing that helps your wheelchair battery gets charged. So, it is essential to take care of it. Follow the below safety precautions for the charging cord;

  • Keeping the charging cord away from the Water
  • Storing the charging cord properly to avoid any damage
  • Regularly checking for any damage to the charging cable or charging port
  • Don’t use a damaged power cord

Always Use Your Own Charger

Make sure you always use your own charger. Never use other wheelchair chargers because they can damage your wheelchair battery. If the charger stops functioning, replace the charge with the same type or with one suggested by the supplier.

Other Safety Measures

  • Find a ventilated area for charging to avoid getting heated
  • Don’t smoke or use flame near the wheelchair
  • Dry your hand before plug-in or plugging out the cord
  • Don’t sit on it while charging

Electric wheelchair battery will not charge?

If your electric wheelchair battery is not charging, there could be several reasons why this is happening. Here are some common causes and potential solutions:

  1. Loose or damaged connections: Check that all connections between the battery and the charger are tight and secure. If any of the connections are loose or damaged, they may prevent the battery from charging. Try tightening the connections or replacing any damaged parts.
  2. Dead battery: If your battery is old or has been left unused for an extended period, it may have lost its charge and may not be able to recharge. In this case, you may need to replace the battery with a new one.
  3. Charger malfunction: Your charger may be malfunctioning, preventing it from delivering a charge to the battery. Try using a different charger or have the charger inspected by a professional.
  4. Electrical issues: There may be an issue with the electrical system of your wheelchair, preventing the battery from charging. If you suspect this is the case, you should have your wheelchair inspected by a professional technician.
  5. Extreme temperatures: If the battery or charger is exposed to extreme temperatures, this can affect the battery’s ability to charge. Try charging the battery in a location with a moderate temperature.

If none of these solutions work, contact the manufacturer of your wheelchair or Contact Gilani Engineering technicians to diagnose and resolve the issue.

Tips to Maximize the Battery’s Lifespan

Here are a few tips to maximize the wheelchair battery’s lifespan.

Charge Battery Daily

It is best practice to charge a power wheelchair daily. Most users charge the wheelchair during nighttime. You can also put it on a charge at night after using it for the whole day.

Fully Charge the New Battery

If your wheelchair is brand new. Then you should keep it fully charged to get better performance in the future. Avoid depleting too much battery during charging intervals.

Charging Schedule

Follow a regular charge schedule to keep the battery well and maintained. Always charge a battery after a certain time interval or use.

Avoid Depleting 80% of Battery

Avoid draining your wheelchair battery too much, like more than 80%, before charging. It is better to plug in the charger if the battery level reaches 50%.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does a power wheelchair take to charge?

The time of charging depends on the battery used in your wheelchair. It also depends on how many amps chargers you use to charge it. A charger with high amps will do charging faster and vice versa. Most wheelchairs take 8 to 12 hours to charge the battery fully. It is better to read the manual that comes with a wheelchair to have a better idea.

Is your charger taking too long?

If you think your charger is taking too long to fill the battery. First, you should read the wheelchair’s manual and look into the manufacturer’s guide. Then go to the electrician to check if your charger has any problem. Remember that always replace a charger with the same type.

Can you charge a wheelchair battery with a car charger?

It is generally not recommended to charge a wheelchair battery with a car charger, as car chargers are not designed to charge the type of batteries used in wheelchairs.
Wheelchair batteries are typically deep-cycle batteries, which are designed to be discharged and recharged repeatedly. These batteries require a specialized charger that is designed to deliver a specific charge profile that maximizes battery life and performance.
Using a car charger to charge a wheelchair battery can result in overcharging or undercharging, which can damage the battery and shorten its lifespan. It can also be dangerous, as it can potentially cause the battery to leak, overheat, or explode.
If you need to charge a wheelchair battery, it is best to use a charger specifically designed for wheelchair batteries, which can be purchased from a medical supply store or online retailer. These chargers are designed to provide the optimal charging profile for the specific type of battery used in your wheelchair, ensuring that it is charged safely and efficiently.

To Summarize

To summarize, how to charge an electric wheelchair is not a complex process. Simply plug the cord’s end into the power socket and the other end into the charging port on the controller. Make sure to follow the safety precautions discussed in the article for better battery performance.