How To Clean A Wheelchair Cushion

If you are a regular wheelchair then you could understand how important it is to keep your wheelchair well-maintained and cleaned. 

One key part of the wheelchair is the cushion which needs more often cleaning to prevent the buildup of dirt, bacteria, and odors. It also extends the life of your cushion by removing debris that can degrade the cushion over time.

Experts recommend cleaning your wheelchair cushion at least once a month, or more frequently if you use your wheelchair daily. 

I agree this task looks more challenging for the first time. But a step-by-step guide on how to clean a wheelchair cushion will make it super easy for you. Further, you will learn about cleaning materials and tips for effective cleaning. 

Material Required

Cleaning your wheelchair cushion doesn’t require any fancy tools or products. Here are the basic materials you’ll need:

Mild Soap or Detergent: Avoid harsh chemical cleaners, abrasive soaps, or detergents with strong perfumes or dyes. A mild soap or gentle detergent is ideal for cleaning the cushion fabric.

Water: Lukewarm water is best for cushion cleaning. Hot water could potentially damage the cushion.

Clean Cloths or Sponges: Soft cotton cloths or sponges make good cleaning tools. Avoid anything that could scratch the fabric.

Disinfectant (optional): If you want to sanitize your cushion, use a disinfectant spray or wipes. Check that they are safe for use on your cushion fabric.

Towels: Have clean towels on hand to dry off your cushion after washing. Allowing it to completely air dry is best.

Bucket or Sink: You’ll need a container big enough to sink the cushion cover if it’s removable. Or just a place to mix water and soap to clean the cushion. Next, we’ll go over the step-by-step process for washing the cushion.

Steps for Cleaning Your Wheelchair Cushion

Cleaning your chair cushion properly involves removing the Velcro closure or zipper covers. Then wash the covers and pillow with mild soap and water. To clean them you can use a washing machine or hand wash them. Follow the below steps to thoroughly clean your wheelchair cushion:

1. Remove the Cushion from the Wheelchair: Flip the cushion upside down on a table or other flat surface. Detach it from the wheelchair frame.

2. Check for Removable Cover: Your cushion may have a removable cover that unzips or detaches with Velcro. If so, remove the cover.

3. Mix Mild Soap And Warm Water: Fill a bucket or sink with water and add a small amount of mild soap or detergent. Stir to dissolve the soap. Avoid using harsh cleaners or solvents like bleach. 

4. Soak And Scrub Cover: For removable covers, soak the cover in soapy water. Let it soak briefly then gently scrub over the entire surface with a cloth or sponge. You can also use a washing machine with a low-speed cycle to wash the covers. 

5. Wring Out Sponge: Wring excess water out of the sponge or cloth before cleaning the cushion. You don’t want it sopping wet.

6. Scrub Cushion Surface: Gently scrub the entire cushion, getting into the creases and seams. Rinse and wipe frequently with clean water. Don’t submerge your foam cushion in water. 

7. Rinse Thoroughly: Rinse the cushion and cover with fresh clean water to remove all soap residue.

8. Apply Disinfectant If Desired: Spray the cushion and cover it with disinfectant. Wipe down with a clean cloth. 

9. Air Dry Completely: Allow the cushion and cover to fully air dry before replacing the wheelchair. Avoid using commercial dryers because their excessive heat can damage cushions.

10. Check Wheelchair Frame and Seating Area: Inspect the wheelchair frame and seat for dirt. Clean as needed. Look into the underneath area of the cushion and clean it using a brush to remove dirt to properly clean your wheelchair.

11. Replace On Chair: Once everything is dry, replace the cushion cover and attach the cushion securely to the wheelchair. Be sure to completely dry all parts of the cushion before putting it back on your wheelchair.

How to Clean Different Types of Cushions

Wheelchair cushions come in a variety of materials, shapes, and designs. The cleaning method may need to be adjusted based on the specific features of your cushion.

To help yourself you can read the cushion manual to understand how to clean the wheelchair cushion that you own. If you don’t have a manual then contacting a manufacturer is another solution to deal with dirty wheelchair pillows.  

However, you can deal with many types of cushions with mild soap and water. Here are tips for cleaning different types of cushions that are more common. 

Honeycomb Cushions: Honeycomb cushions are made from hexagonal-shaped foam cells bonded together in a honeycomb pattern. This allows air to flow through the cushion for breathability and pressure relief. They can wash in a machine and then tumble dry. 

Foam Cushions: Foam cushions typically have a removable mesh or fabric cover. Remove the cover and hand wash it in mild detergent and lastly air dry before putting it back in the wheelchair. Don’t submerge foam in water.

Gel Cushions: Gel wheelchair cushions have a gel pack cushion insert. Remove the gel pack from the outer cover and then Wash it with soap and water. Rinse and dry them using a towel or in a drier. 

Air Cushions: Air or air-fluidized wheelchair cushions require special care. Before cleaning close air valves and clean the durable outer cover with mild detergent, following laundering recommendations. Clean the air pump and tubing with disinfectant wipes. And you could not use a washing machine for these cushions. 

Closed Cell Foam Cushions: These cushions can be cleaned with soap and water. Before cleaning remove their detachable components. At the end rinse and dry them and place them back on your wheelchair.  


Regularly cleaning your wheelchair cushion is essential for health, comfort, and mobility. Moreover, the dirt, odors, and bacteria can be removed for the hygiene and longevity of your wheelchair pillows. 

Follow the proper cleaning steps to avoid any damage to the material of your cushion. Always allow the cushion to completely air dry before putting it back on your wheelchair. Wet cushions can lead to mold and mildew growth.