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A Guide to Tilt vs. Recline Wheelchair

Tilt Wheelchair

When looking for the best wheelchair, the choice should be based on the patient’s needs, particularly the mobility restrictions, level of comfort, possible frequency and duration that a person intends to spend daily in a wheelchair.

Tilt and recline wheelchairs are among the most popular due to the many advanced characteristics promoting health and comfort. This blog aims to identify the differences between tilt and recline wheelchairs that will help make the best choice for oneself or a loved one.

What is a Tilt Wheelchair?

A tilt wheelchair is ideally designed in a way that the seat frame (including the back, the seat base, and the leg rest) pivots at a particular fixed joint. This helps maintain the hip, knee, and ankle angles while changing the seating angle relative to the ground. Primarily, the purpose of the tilt action is indicated for the redistribution of pressure from one part of the body to the other which is a significant consideration for the users who continue to sit in the chair for long hours and are at a risk of pressure sores.

Moreover, tilt is essential for those with postural hypotension (a sudden drop in blood pressure when changing positions), and helps with visual orientation. The tilt wheelchair facilitates feeding and makes respiratory functions easier.

Tilt Wheelchair
A Guide to Tilt vs. Recline Wheelchair 1

What is a Recline Wheelchair?

Recline wheelchairs allow the backrest to move relative to the seat base independently, typically being able to recline to an almost flat position. Recline wheelchairs differ from tilt wheelchairs in that they change the angle between the seat and backrest while the patient is in a reclined position.

Reclining the seat back is beneficial for patients who need temporary relief from remaining in the same position for an extended period. Reclining wheelchairs can also provide patients with a comfortable resting position and reduce the risk of skin shearing.

Recliner wheelchair

Key Differences in Tilt vs Recline Wheelchair

1. Pressure Redistribution

Tilt Wheelchair: Aids in pressure redistribution by moving the percentage of the weight-bearing pressure from the buttocks and thighs to the back over a wider surface without changing the angle of the hips.

Recline Wheelchair: Aids in pressure relief but may cause sliding and shearing due to the patient’s body gliding against the backrest. 

2. Postural Stability

Tilt Wheelchair: Benefits people with poor trunk and head control as the tilt wheelchair maintains the user’s posture by keeping the hip, knee, and ankle angles constant during adjustments. 

Recline Wheelchair: This is not recommended for people with severe posture disabilities because it provides less stability. The pelvis will rotate backward when the backrest angle is changed.

3. Functional Use and Comfort

Tilt Wheelchair: Recommended for people who need to use their chairs most of the day and require many position changes to alleviate discomfort or for medical purposes.

Recline Wheelchair: Appropriate for those who need to slightly lean because of fatigue or specific medical treatment. The user should also be able to endure some movement in pelvic positioning. 

Reclining Electric Wheelchair Sydney Folding Standing Recliner Mobility Chair Optimum

4. Applications

Tilt Wheelchair: Highly recommended for people with severe disabilities needing posture support, and are at high risk of getting pressure sores.

Recline Wheelchair: Ideal for people who need an open chair for cleanliness and medical therapy and who find relaxation in a reclined position. 

Choosing Between Tilt and Recline

When deciding between tilt and recline, the choice highly depends on the user’s health needs and time spent in the wheelchair. Some of the factors to consider are:

Medical: Tilt is best for users with severe spasticity, who are at high risk of pressure sores, and for patients with particular types of spinal injuries. On the other hand, Recline wheelchairs suit those who need frequent positional changes for comfort or medical procedures. 

Care Team: Tilt is more convenient for the caregiver to use because it requires less strength and is easy to adjust and maneuver. 

Lifestyle: For those who are active and enjoy being outdoors, a wheelchair that offers both tilt and recline functions might be ideal because it offers flexibility in various settings.

Conclusion

When choosing between a tilt vs recliner wheelchair, it is important to consider the physical condition, medical needs, and daily activities of the user. One should consult a healthcare professional to understand the needs of the patient and then make the recommended choice. The right wheelchair will enhance mobility, comfort, and quality of life for those with limited mobility. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Why would someone need a tilt wheelchair?

Any person who uses a wheelchair for long periods of time and is prone to pressure sores would need a tilt wheelchair. It is also used for people who have less muscle strength, the tilt wheelchair helps maintain their head, neck and spine in the mid line.

Who would use a tilt wheelchair?

Any person who lacks the mobility or strength to move positions/posture in a wheelchair on their own would use a tilt wheelchair to make movement effortless with just a push of a button.

What is a reclining wheelchair?

A reclining wheelchair is designed in a way that the backrest reclines independently up to an almost flat level while the seat and feet remain in the same position. 

What is the disadvantage of a reclining wheelchair?

The recline wheelchair is sturdy made, so might be a little heavy. 

The assistance of a caregiver is needed to use this wheelchair

What is the benefit of a reclining wheelchair?

The reclining wheelchair provides temporary pain relief to those sitting in the chair for long periods. It also provides patients with a comfortable resting position and reduces the risk of skin shearing.